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Sejarah Pembantu Perubatan

SEJARAH PROFESION PEMBANTU PERUBATAN

Profesion Pembantu Perubatan telah dikenalpasti pada awal tahun 1900. Pada awalnya ia dikenali sebagai 'Apothecaries' yang diperkenalkan oleh British Malaya di Pulau Pinang. Dibawah pemerintahan British Malaya 'Apothecaries' dikenali juga sebagai 'Sub-Assistant Surgeon' @ 'Dressar'. Sebelum Malaysia mencapai kemerdekaan dari British nama Hospital Assistant telah diguna pakai dan pada masa kini dikenali sebagai Pembantu Perubatan (Medical Assistant).


APOTHECARIES

- ialah seorang yang menyediakan,menjual dan mendispen ubat-ubatan.

- di Britain seseorang yang telah lulus peperiksaan yang diadakan oleh Society Of Apothecary London dengan mendapat Diploma In Medicine,Surgery And Midwifery.

- ini melayakkan mereka untuk menggunakan abrevasi LMSSA London di belakang
nama mereka.

DRESSAR

- ialah seorang yang membuat dressing luka pesakit dan membantu pakar bedah semasa pembedahan dijalankan.

- iaanya ialah graduan dari sekolah perubatan yang mendapat latihan dari segi teori dan praktikal ilmu perubatan.

- dressar yang telah tamat latihanya diberi kebenaran untuk melakukan pembedahan kecil & ringan.

- ianya berupaya untuk merawat kes-kes luka , kepatahan dan berpengetahuan tentang farmakologi dan perbidanan.

DRESSAR GRADE III

- setelah menamatkan latihan dari KKM didalam bidang kejururawatan,pembedahan,perubatan dan makmal maka dressar ini dikategorikan sebagai Dressar Grade III.

- beliau akan bekerja didalam wad dan makmal perubatan untuk menjalankan prosedur kejururawatan dan pemeriksaan slide asas.

DRESSAR GRADE II

- dressar grade III ini dibenarkan untuk melanjutkan latihanya didalam bidang perubatan,pembedahan dan makmal perubatan.

- sukatan matapelajaranya adalah lebih tinggi dan mereka dilatih didalam sains farmakologi selama 2 tahun.

- diakhir latihan dressar grade III akan menduduki peperiksaan dan jika lulus beliau akan di kategorikan sebagai dressar grade II.

DRESSAR GRADE I

- untuk mendapat dressar grade I ini dressar grade II dikehendaki untuk belajar ilmu perubatan,perbidanan,pembedahan,farmakologi dan makmal perubatan yang lebih tinggi.

- diakhir latihan dressar grade II akan menduduki peperiksaan akhir dan jika berjaya beliau akan di kategorikan sebagai dressar grade I.

- kesinambungan program pembelajaran dressar grade III hingga grade I akan memakan masa 6 tahun.

HOSPITAL ASSISTANT ( HA )

- sebelum kemerdekaan malaysia pada tahun 1957 nama 'DRESSAR' telah ditukarkan kepada HOSPITAL ASSISTANT (HA).

- sekolah latihan pembantu hospital telah diwujudkan di Seremban Negeri Sembilan.

- skop pekerjaan 'HA' telah diperluaskan dengan penempatan di klinik-klinik kesihatan dan unit- unit khas spt unit kecemasan,otopedik dll.

PEMBANTU PERUBATAN (MEDICAL ASSISTANT @ MA)

- setelah sekian lama nama 'HA' digunakan maka KKM telah menukarkan nama jawatan ini kepada Pembantu Perubatan (Medical Assistant).

- 4 buah kolej telah dibina untuk memenuhi permintaan 'MA' iaitu:

- Kolej PP Seremban

- Kolej PP Ulu Kinta

- Kolej PP Alor Setar

- Kolej PP Kuching

- graduan lepasan kolej PP ini akan mendapat Diploma Pembantu Perubatan didalam tempoh latihan 3 tahun (teori & praktikal).

- pihak swasta juga telah mengiktiraf jawatan PP ini dan ramai diantara PP yang bertugas di sektor swasta.

PENOLONG PEGAWAI PERUBATAN ( ASSISTANT MEDICAL OFFICER @ AMO )

- Kerajaan telah bersetuju dan meluluskan gelaran jawatan yang baru bagi Pembantu Perubatan iaitu Penolong Pegawai Perubatan berkuatkuasa 20hb Mac 2007.

- Pertukaran gelaran ini hanyalah secara pentadbiran sahaja dan tidak melibatkan skim perkhidmatan.

- Semoga dengan ini dapat memberi peransang dan galakan untuk semua PPP untuk terus memajukan kerjaya dan prestasi mereka. 

- PPP dibahagikan kepada beberapa grade:

KUMPULAN SOKONGAN

- PPP grade U29

- PPP grade U32

- PPP grade U36
 

KUMPULAN PENGURUSAN DAN PROFESIONAL

- PPP Grade U41 

- PPP Grade U42

- PPP Grade U44

- PPP Grade U48

- PPP Grade U52

- PPP Grade U54

- telah ramai PPP yang melanjutkan pelajaran diperingkat Universiti dan mendapat ijazah 

- dengan ini diharap akan dapat meningkatkan mutu dan produktiviti PPP

SILA KLIK UNTUK LINK KE SKIM PERKHIDMATAN BERSEPADU PENOLONG PEGAWAI PERUBATAN

                                  http://www.jpa.gov.my/pekeliling/pp06/bil13/pp13.pdf

Lembaga Pembantu Perubatan

BACKGROUND

Medical Assistants (Registration) Board is established under Part II of the Medical Assistant (Registration) Act 1977, Act 180
Came into operation on 14th February 1980 in Peninsular Malaysia and on 1st November 1980 in Sabah and Sarawak
Under this Act no persons shall be employed as an Medical Assistants or to perform the duties of Medical Assistants, unless such persons is registered with the Board
OUR OBJECTIVES

To ensure that any person who wishes to practice as a Medical Assistant is registered with the Medical Assistants (Registration) Board, provided he fulfills all the criteria set by the Board

To ensure all practicing Medical Assistants have a valid Annual Practicing Certificate, issued by the Board

To ensure that every registered Medical Assistants maintains a high standard of professional conduct and a personal integrity in the delivery of health care to the public


FUNCTIONS OF MEDICAL ASSISTANTS (REGISTRATION) BOARD

Medical Assistants Board is the only national organization that represents Medical Assistants in Malaysia in terms of training, credentialing, accreditation and discipline of Medical Assistants. Some of the functions of the Board are as follows:

Registration of person entitled to be registered as medical assistants and matters connected therewith
Training of persons intending to be registered as medical assistants and matters connected therewith
Prescription and nature of duties and responsibilities to be performed by Medical Assistants
Training and Accreditation of Medical Assistant
To upgrade the standard of professionalism, code of etiquette and enforcement
To appoint members of the Board, committee or body formed for any purpose affecting the Medical Assistants profession
To determine or approve and set the syllabus, the contents of the courses of instructions and examination of the basic of Medical Assistants
To investigate into complaints relating to the practice and conduct of Medical Assistants.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

The Board will answer to questions asked with authorative information about Medical Assistants Profession

Q What is a Medical Assistants?

A Medical Assistants are health care professionals licensed to practice medicine with the supervision of a Medical Officer or Specialist in the public sector and Registered Medical Practitioner in the case of private sector. Medical Assistants mostly employed by the federal government are credentialed to practice. As part of their comprehensive responsibilities, their nature of work is promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative aspects. Wherever there are no doctors especially in rural areas, the MA conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret certain tests, counsel on preventive health care, and write prescriptions.

Q How did Medical Assistants trained?

A Medical Assistants are trained by four colleges in the country which is approved by the Board. The Training Center for Medical Assistants Colleges are:

* College of Medical Assistants Alor Setar Hospital, Kedah

* College of Medical Assistants, Bahagia Hospital, Ulu Kinta Perak

* College of Medical Assistants, Seremban Hospital, Negeri Sembilan

* College of Medical Assistants, Kuching Hospital, Sarawak

The basic training of MA is 3 years which is divided into 2 phases, Pre-clinical Phase for one-half year (3 semester) and Clinical Phase one-half year (3 semester). The training is focused on body system with emphasis on treatment in primary, secondary and tertiary care which consists of promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative aspects. On graduation from the above colleges they will apply to be registered with The Board. After registration with The Board, they were appointed by The Public Service Commission Malaysia before they are deployed by Ministry of Health all over the country. Those qualified Medical Assistants will be able to functions at all disciplines in the hospital or health setup.

Q How did the Medical Assistants profession begin?

A Far as in 1950 Medical Assistants was at one time known as dressers. Then it was changed to Hospital Assistants (1970) and Medical Assistants since (1985). Before 1971 the training of Medical Assistants were done together with nurses which then the curriculum was changed to certificate level. Due to the needs and fast growing development towards professional health care personnel the training of Medical Assistants was upgraded to Diploma Level in 1992.

Q What areas of medicine can Medical Assistants work in?

A Medical Assistants are found in all areas of medicine. Until 30 November 1999 there are 6136 Medical Assistants registered with the Board (running registration). Only about 4500 MAs are actively practicing both in public and private sector. From the actively practicing only 10% MAs are practicing in the private sector. Today, about 30% MAs from public sector are practicing in over 300 Health Clinics all over the country, involve in primary health care services. At the hospital base, they are deployed at all specialized units, training as well clinical management base.

Q Where do Medical Assistants "draw the line" as far as what they can treat and what a Medical Officer can treat?

A What a Medical Assistant does varies with training, experience, and the existing Act and Regulations imposed. In addition, the scope of the MAs practice corresponds to the supervising Medical Officers and Specialist practice. In general, a Medical Assistant will see many of the same types of patients as a doctor did, especially in rural health services. The cases handled by a doctor are generally the more complicated medical cases or those cases which require care that is not routine part of the MAs scope of work. Referral to the Medical Officer, or close consultation between the patient-MA-M.O, is done for unusual or hard to manage cases.

Medical Assistants are taught to "know our limits" and refer to the Medical Officer appropriately. It is an important part of MAs training.

* LATAR BELAKANG PEMBANTU PERUBATAN DIATAS TELAH DIAMBIL DARI WEBSITE LEMBAGA PEMBANTU PERUBATAN MALAYSIA DAN TIDAK DIOLAH WALAU SEPATAH PERKATAAN PUN.

 

Kesatuan Kebangsaan Pembantu Perubatan Semenanjung Malaysia

KESATUAN KEBANGSAAN PEMBANTU PERUBATAN SEMENANJUNG MALAYSIA

( NOMBOR PENDAFTARAN : 248 )

NO.400 , LOT 15439 TAMAN PERWIRA , KM 5 , JALAN JELEBU

71770 SEREMBAN , NEGERI SEMBILAN DARUL KHUSUS

 

Persatuan Pembantu Perubatan Malaysia